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Arbor, Deck Shade or Patio Covering.

This handsome, redwood arbor, deck or patio covering will shade & provide a cool place to relax in the garden or yard. The shelter can also be built next to your home where it will keep the whole house cooler by shielding windows, walls and glass doors from the sun.

Redwood grades especially suited for arbors and other outdoor projects are Construction Common and Deck Common. Use the all-heartwood grades, Construction Heart or Deck Heart, where a greater degree of decay resistance is needed.

This arbor will shade an area of approximately 8 feet by 12 feet or 96 square feet. The basic plan can be modified by adding more posts, longer beams and additional rafters. If you decide to enlarge this project, keep in mind that the rafters should span no more than 6 feet.

Before beginning any home remodeling project, check with your local building department to learn if a permit is required and to check the building codes for your area. Use only non-corrosive hardware and fasteners to prevent staining. If you plan to paint or stain, it will be easier if you prime all edges, ends and sides before construction.

Materials for Shade Shelter
Quantity Size Length
Posts 4 4x4 10-12 feet*
Beams 4 2x6 12 feet
Rafters 4 2x6 8 feet
Louvers 23 2x2 12 feet
Braces 4 4x4 3 feet
Machine Bolts, Washers and  Nuts 12 sets
4-12 sets
1/2x7 inches
1/2x6 inches
Deck Screws 2 pounds 2-1/2 inches
Nails 2 pounds 8d
Concrete and Gravel as needed
* depends on the type of footing used

Courtesy of the California Redwood Association

When building a deck or covering the permit office will  require a set of plans. These need not be elaborate, and you can draw them yourself, buy a set, or have a set prepared by a draftsperson or architect.
The plans will specify the following:

  • Location of deck  Be sure you are far enough away from neighboring property lines, utility easements, and gas, water, and sewer lines.
  • Space between railing pickets  Often the pickets can be placed with no more than a 4’ space between them.
  • Railing heights  If deck is close to the ground, within, say, 30”, no railing may be required. If one is required, a minimum railing height of 36” - 42” is required.
  • Foundation piers The local codes will regulate the size, spacing, number, and method of construction of your piers. They will also regulate the depth of your pier hole, depending on the frost line in the area.
  • Girder The local codes will specify the size and location of the girder or beams.
  • Beams The code will specify the size and spacing of the beams or girder, one in the same.
  • Rafters The code will specify the size and spacing of the rafters.
  • Joists The code will specify the size and spacing of the joists. This will depend on the type of wood you will use. Joist charts are available at the code office for each type of wood.
  • Fasteners Many codes will detail your nail or fastener schedules.
  • Decking The plans will specify the size of deck boards and the type of wood used.
  • Posts The plans will specify the size of the posts

Certified Contractor
Taylor'd Lawns, 16107 Ridgegreen, Houston, TX. 77082  (832) 647-5090

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